Mary, Queen of Scots married Henry, Lord Darnley in 1565. She gave
birth to a son, James, in Edinburgh Castle on 19 June 1566. James
was crowned King of Scotland when he was only 13 months old after
his mother was forced to abdicate. From 1567 to 1582, James lived
under the care of four successive regents, the Earls of Murray,
Lennox, Mar and Morton. These regents were appointed to look after
the young king and govern the country on his behalf until he was
old enough to rule for himself.
During his reign in Scotland,
James established control over various religious and political factions.
He worked towards centralising power and justice to establish a
firmer hold over Scotland.
Queen Elizabeth I died on 24 March
1603. James was Elizabeth’s closest relative. He succeeded
to the English crown and was proclaimed king by virtue of his descent
from his great grandmother, Margaret Tudor. He left for England
on 4 April, taking a month to reach London for his coronation at
Westminster Abbey on 11 July. The crowns of Scotland and England
were united when King James VI of Scotland became King James I of
James ruled both Scotland and
England but each country retained its own parliament, church, laws
and coinage. After 1603, he only returned to Scotland once. He died
on 27 March 1625 and was succeeded by his son Charles I.